The Annals of Health Research is a peer-reviewed journal of medical and health-related sciences meant to disseminate research works and ideas in the fields of medicine and allied health sciences with the ultimate goals of enhancing knowledge, improving practice and encouraging practice-centred research.
The journal is owned and sponsored by the Medical and Dental Consultants Association of Nigeria, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu Branch, Sagamu, Nigeria. The journal presently does not receive sponsorship from any external body or in form of adverts from agencies and companies.
The Annals of Health Research is a bi-annual medical journal published in the months of June and December. The journal publishes original communications in the form of original research, high-quality case reports, short communications, letters to the editor and systematic reviews with or without meta-analysis on clinical medicine (surgery, surgical specialities, paediatrics, internal medicine, public health, obstetrics and gynaecology), and laboratory medicine. Articles in the form of Reviews, Personal Practice, Personal Opinions and Commentaries will only be invited from renowned experts in the relevant fields by the Editorial Board.
EDITORIAL POLICY & PEER-REVIEW SYSTEM
The operations of the editorial board of the journal are in conformity with the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) [www.icmje.org].
Manuscripts are submitted to the journal on the understanding that the same manuscript has not been simultaneously submitted to another journal, is not under processing by another journal, has not been accepted by another journal and no substantial part of the data contained in the manuscript has already been published elsewhere.
All manuscripts are subjected to an initial round of in-house editorial review and only manuscripts of satisfactory quality are processed further at the external peer review stage. The journal employs a double-blinded style of external peer-review process usually conducted by experts in the relevant specialties, who are sourced from cognate institutions. Guided by the reports obtained from the editorial review and the external peer review processes, the editorial board determines the suitability of every manuscript. Editorial decisions are usually communicated to the authors within eight weeks of submission.
Revised manuscripts are expected to be submitted within four weeks of communicating the editorial decision. As a matter of editorial policy, revised manuscripts are not returned to external reviewers for re-assessment. Rather, in-house editors vet revised manuscripts to ensure compliance with the suggestions and queries raised by external reviewers except for technical issues which must necessarily be assessed by the external reviewers. The other situation in which revised manuscripts may be returned to external peer reviewers is when the manuscript, after the initial review is recommended for rejection and re-submission. When a manuscript is accepted, a formal letter of acceptance indicating the manuscript number, title of the manuscript and the list of authors, is issued to the authors.
Upon acceptance, the editorial board reserves the exclusive right to edit manuscripts (from the title to the references, including tables and figures) to meet the journal’s style prior to publishing. Accepted manuscripts are published online (at www.annalsofhealthresearch.com) and in print.
The journal abhors duplicate submission, data falsification, data fabrication and duplication of data already accepted by or published in other journals (even when certain cosmetic changes/additions are made). Plagiarism of any form, is also considered a major publication misconduct. The Editorial Board uses intrinsic mechanisms for detecting data falsifications, fabrications, duplications and plagiarism and where detected, such acts of publication misconduct shall be officially addressed according to the provisions of the ICMJE. Such cases of publication frauds shall be treated with outright rejection if detected prior to publishing or retraction if detected after publishing. The concerned authors shall be
blacklisted and shall be officially reported to their institutions.
Authors and peer-reviewers are encouraged to channel any complaints or protests concerning any aspect of the editorial process to the Editor-in-Chief (firstname.lastname@example.org). Such complaints are investigated by the Editor-in-Chief and the findings are presented to the Editorial Board for deliberation and adjudication.
The articles and other materials published in the Annals of Health Research are protected by the Nigerian Copyright laws. The journal owns the copyright over every article, scientific and intellectual materials published in it. However, with the open access publishing policy and under the provisions of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 License, the journal grants all authors, users and researchers, free access to the materials published online in the journal with the permission to copy, use and distribute the materials contained therein for non-commercial but academic and scientific purposes, provided the source is adequately cited and credited.
The views, information and opinions expressed and presented in the articles and other materials published in the journal only reflect the submission of the respective authors. Neither the journal, the editorial team, the editorial board, other agents and representatives of the journal nor the publishers of the journal assumes liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness and validity of the contents of the materials so published in the journal. Therefore, only manuscripts accompanied with the signed Copyright Transfer/ Undertaking Form will be processed.
The Copyright Transfer/Undertaking Form to be signed by the Corresponding Author is as follows:
“I, the undersigned, give an undertaking to the following effects with regards to my/our article entitled:
submitted for publication in the ANNALS OF HEALTH RESEARCH:
- a) That I/We have read and understood the principles, policies and conditions stated in the Authors’ Guidelines;
- b) That the article mentioned above has not been published or simultaneously submitted to or accepted for publication in any form, in any other journal;
- c) That the authorship of this article will not be contested by anyone whose name(s) is/are not listed here;
- d) That I/We contributed significantly towards the research study e., (i) conception and design (ii) analysis and interpretation of data (iii) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and (iv) final approval of the version to be published;
- e) That I/We hereby affirm that I/We shall duly inform the Editors if I/We have conflicts of interest which must be declared in agreement with the editorial policies of the journal;
- f) That I/We hereby assign, convey and otherwise transfer all rights, title, interest, and copyright ownership of the aforementioned manuscript to the ANNALS OF HEALTH RESEARCH;
- g) That the assignment of rights to the ANNALS OF HEALTH RESEARCH includes but is not exclusively limited to rights to claim copyright, edit, publish, reproduce, distribute copies and include in indexes or search databases;
- h) That I concur that the authors of this manuscript should be listed in the sequence shown here:
HUMAN AND ANIMAL SUBJECTS RIGHTS
When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in the year 2000. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
INFORMED CONSENT STATEMENT
A statement declaring that the authors obtained informed written consent must be provided; this entails that the human subjects in a research are duly informed about the principles of research ethics which specify the gains, risks and freedom to participate or decline participation without punitive measures. For children aged above six years, assent must be obtained from them in addition to consent from the parent or guardian. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be included in written descriptions and photographs, unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and in which case, the patient (or parent, guardian or relation) gives written informed consent for the use in publication.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
It is the policy of the journal that every manuscript should be accompanied with a statement declaring any conflict of interest. Reviewers and editors are also required to declare any potential conflict of interests with respect to a manuscript. Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author's institution), reviewer, or editor has financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence actions as a result of involvement in terms of employment, sponsorship, grants, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria and paid expert testimony by a body, agency, company or institution which has an interest or disinterest in the research theme of a manuscript. The potential for conflict of interest can exist whether or not an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment and therefore, must be declared. The extent to which the declared conflict may influence the research presented in the manuscript will be evaluated by the Editorial Board. The source of funding for the research and preparation of the manuscript should also be declared.
PREPARATION AND SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT
Please visit the journal management website (www.annalsofhealthresearch.com) for the details of registration for online manuscript submission and processing. All manuscripts must be written in British English. Manuscripts must be submitted through the journal management website at www.annalsofhealthresearch.com. Manuscript submitters are advised to start by registering as users of the website and select roles as authors. Thereafter, the author should follow the online instructions on how to complete the process of submission. The manuscript submitter will, by default, serve as the corresponding author for the manuscript.
Due to the blinded peer review policy of the journal, the title page (which must contain all the names, affiliations and email addresses of the authors including acknowledgement) should be submitted as a supplementary file. The blinded full text of the manuscript should also be separately submitted as the main document of the manuscript.