Sarcoma Botryoides of the Bladder in a Nigerian Child: A Case Report


  • A Oladimeji
  • G Akinyosoye
  • A Solarin Lagos State University College of Medicine
  • A Ayodele
  • M Abdulsalam
  • F Njokanma



Acute Kidney Injury, Bladder, Embryonal Tumour, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Sarcoma botryoides


Sarcoma botryoides of the bladder is a variant of the embryonal form of rhabdomyosarcoma that is characterized by protrusion of tumour cells and stroma into a body cavity like a bunch of grapes. Apart from the bladder, the embryonal form of this tumour can occur in other areas such as the vagina, nasopharynx, middle ear and common bile duct. One of its complications is obstruction of the bladder outlet, presenting as acute urinary retention and acute kidney injury. Pressure on the adjacent tissues and organs is also well recognized. It has an intermediate prognosis which depends on age, site and the extent of disease at diagnosis. We report a case of sarcoma botryoides in a 3-year-old Nigerian girl, confirmed by imaging and histology.

Author Biography

G Akinyosoye

Department of Paediatrics


Bhansali SK. Sarcoma botryoides of the bladder in infancy and childhood. J Urol 1962; 87: 871-875.

Straccia P, Martini M, Pierconti F. Pericardial metastasis from alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma: A case report. Diagn cytopathol 2021; 49: 297-300.

Smith BA. Sarcoma botryoides—Rhabdomyosarcoma of the bladder. J Urol 1959; 82: 101-104.

Mostofi FK, Morse WH. Polypoid rhabdomyosarcoma (sarcoma botryoides) of bladder in children. J Urol 1952; 67: 681-687.

Thompson IM, Coppridge AJ. The management of bladder tumors in children: A study of sarcoma botryoides. J Urol. 1959; 82: 590-595.

Sarcoma botryoides presenting as urethral prolapse. consultant 360 [Internet]. 2012. Available from: Accessed 22 November 2021.

Mousavi A, Akhavan S. Sarcoma botryoides (embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma) of the uterine cervix in sisters. J Gynecol Oncol 2010; 21: 273-275.

Morse WH, Jarman WD. Sarcoma botryoides of the bladder in children. J Urol 1953; 70: 900-905.

Kobi M, Khatri G, Edelman M, Hines J. Sarcoma botryoides: MRI findings in two patients. J Magn Reson Imaging 2009; 29: 708-712.

Clemente EJI, Navallas M, de la Torre IBM, Sunol M, del Cerro JM, Torner F, et al. MRI of rhabdomyosarcoma and other soft tissue sarcomas in children. RadioGraphics 2020; 40: 792-814.






Case Report